A closer look at the map of the South American continent reveals a country stretching across the Pacific Ocean. Covering an area of 756,096 square kilometres, it is known as Chile. Chile is considered to be the closest country to Antarctica and has many beautiful places. So tourists from all over the world come to Chile every year to see its beauty. There are many places that foreign tourists like to visit.
1) San Pedro de Atacama Tourist City
San Pedro de Atacama has located about 1630 km from the Chilean capital, Santiago. Known as the gateway to the famous Atacama Desert, the city is home to several attractions. Therefore, tourists visiting Chile must-visit San Pedro de Atacama. The city is home to a variety of hotels and lodges, giving tourists the opportunity to relax and unwind. Visitors to San Pedro de Atacama will have the opportunity to visit the following locations.
Blue Moon Valley
The Moon Valley is about 17 miles [17 km] from San Pedro de Atacama. It is called the Lunar Valley because it feels like walking on the moon. The Andes Mountains overlook the Moon Valley, a vast expanse of salt marshes. It is a bit difficult to visit the area during the day, but it is a pleasant experience in the evening. That’s because as soon as the sun goes down you get a chance to see the spectacular view of the moon rising. A night traveller in the lunar valley will have the opportunity to clearly observe the night sky. You will also have the opportunity to watch the morning sunrise. This is why visitors to San Pedro de Atacama do not forget to spend the night in the Moon Valley.
About 20 miles [20 km] from San Pedro de Atacama, this lagoon is formed by a desert sinkhole. The salt concentration of the water in the lagoon is over 30%, so you can float and bathe in it. Therefore, tourists compare it to the Dead Sea and the Cejar Lagoon and call it the ‘Floating Lake’. Tourists visiting the Pedro de Atacama resort can also enjoy the beautiful surroundings while bathing in the Cejar Lagoon, which is one of the must-see attractions. Many say it was the strangest kind of experience.
El Tatio Hot Springs
El Tatio Hot Springs, located about 89 miles [89 km] from San Pedro de Atacama, is another great place to visit in Chile. The El Tatio hot springs are located at an altitude of 4,200 meters in the famous Andes Mountains. It has been identified as one of the most extreme ecosystems on Earth due to its unique climate. With more than 80 hot springs, the El Tatio Hot Springs Complex has become the largest hot spring in the Southern Hemisphere. It is also considered to be the third-largest hot spring complex in the world. You can see water rising 7-8 meters above these amazing hot springs. Many tourists come here despite the freezing climate of the Andes, as they have built swimming pools around the El Tatio hot springs.
Valley of Death
The Salt Mountains formed millions of years ago, are located near the city of Pedro de Atacama. One area between the salt flats is known as the Valley of Death or the Valley of Mars. The area is so named because no plant or animal species can live there. Some tourists say that they feel as if they are on another planet when they visit this rocky outcrop.
2) Moai statues on Easter Island
Covering an area of 64 square miles, Easter Island is located about 2,300 miles west of the west coast of Chile and about 2,500 miles east of Tahiti. Geologists predict that this triangular island, 22.5 km long and 11 km wide, will form as a result of numerous underground eruptions in the distant past. Rano Kau is the highest point on the island, which has a dormant volcano. Today it is a dormant volcano and stands at about 1969 feet.
On Easter Sunday, 1722, the Dutch explorer Jacob Rogovin accidentally landed on the island. At that time, the patients and others rested on the island and after a few hours went for a walk on the island. The tourists were amazed to see something at once. There are many wonderful stone statues. The explorers had travelled to many islands and lands before, but they had never seen such statues before.
The islanders and others realized that the island was a place of an ancient civilization. They named the island “Easter Island” because it landed on Easter Sunday.
Today, about 600 Moai statues remain on Easter Island. The smallest statue is about 3 feet high and the largest is 66 feet high. The largest statue weighs about 80 tons. Few of these statues have a red stone cap on their heads. Archaeologists are still struggling to gather enough evidence before reaching the final conclusions about the location of the statues on Easter Island. How the red stone hats found only on some Moai statues were worn remains a mystery to this day.
Archaeologists are still struggling to gather enough evidence before reaching the final conclusions about the location of the Moai statues on Easter Island. They say there is evidence that many palm trees grew on the island in the distant past. The average height of a well-grown palm tree is about 60 feet and the circumference is about 7 feet. Archaeologists have speculated that the statues may have been made from the trunks of palm trees and ropes made of palm fibre. Archaeologists say that the palm trees on Easter Island are now extinct due to the carving of so many Moai statues.
The other special feature of these statues is that they are all made with large heads in size. It is also noteworthy that almost all of them are designed to face the sea, facing the ocean.
In addition, caves of archaeological value were found on Easter Island. Among the artefacts found in the caves were wooden boards with pictograms called Rongo Rongo. Archaeological data suggest that the letters bear a striking resemblance to ancient Egyptian and Indian characters. But to this day it is not possible to find out what they read. So what is read on the Moi statues, as well as what is written on the boards called Rongo Rongo, is still an unsolved mystery.
It is believed that people who lived on the island in ancient times built statues to commemorate their dead ancestors. It is speculated that monuments to important people on the island may have been erected at higher altitudes. There is also an opinion that red hats may have been worn on the monuments of some of its aristocrats. About 15 of the Moai statues on Easter Island are housed on a special stone tablet called the Ahu. They are thought to have been made to commemorate the leaders of the Rapa Nui tribe.
3) Torres Del Paine National Park
The Torres del Paine is a beautiful rock formation found in the region of Patagonia, Chile. The southern part of the supernatural Andes also belongs to the region of Patagonia. The Cerro Paine Grand is the tallest rock in the Torres Del Paine. Its height is recorded as 2,884 meters. The other peaks are 2650 m, 2500 m, 2460 m and 2,100 m high. Around 1959, a national park was established due to the beauty of the rocky outcrop. Around 1959, a national park was established due to the beauty of the rocky outcrop.
There are some amazing places in this national park. The bitter lagoon is named after the high pH of its water. Another place that visitors like to visit in the park is Lake Gray Glacier. In the distance, you can see the beautiful peaks of the lake, which is made up of glaciers. In addition, Lake Gray Glacier is located near Lake Gray, as well as Lake Sarmiento, Midogan Cave and Salto Grande Falls.